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Description of the country: China, a communist nation in East Asia, is the world’s most populous country. Beijing, the capital, mixes modern architecture with historic sites including sprawling Tiananmen Square. Its largest city, Shanghai, is a skyscraper-studded global financial center. The iconic Great Wall of China fortification runs east-west across the country's north.
Geography of the country: China is the world's second largest state by land area with 9.6 million square kilometers and the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement. Its vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountain ranges, lakes, rivers and 14,500km of coastline.
Status of economy, research and development: China has made significant investments in scientific research, with $163 billion spent on scientific research and development in 2012. Science and technology are seen as vital for achieving China's economic and political goals, and are held as a source of national pride to a degree sometimes described as "techno-nationalism". Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on: In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this nation produced 12 Nobel laureates so far. China has established infrastructure for advanced medical research. China Agency for Medical Research and Development monitors the funding and integration of the R & D related to medical sciences in the country. The Institute of Medical Science in Reproductive Medicine is the leading Institution in medical research in China. According to the report by Rehman et al., 2002, in china top-tier journals include the 67 journals published by the Chinese Medical Association. Those journals and most other academic journals are indexed by major indexing services in China. Numerous medical journals are published from china with good reputation. To improve scientific publishing in China, the government has instituted initiatives to improve scientific writing. Several leading Institution in the country including Peking University Third Hospital and others are spearheading the medical research.