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Research Article Open Access
Background and Objective: Heat shock protein 70 usually located in the cytoplasm, it plays an important role has a chaperone. It said to have anti- proinflammatory effect, as shown in experimental model. These play an extended role in immunity and implication in pathogenesis of systemic conditions. In chronic renal kidney disease the complexity of underlying disturbances is an ideal example for persistent multifactorial stress. The combination of uremic toxins, mediators of inflammation, oxygen species, apoptosis and renal dialysis. The role of heat shock proteins in chronic renal damage, their protective and deleterious effect is of prime importance for the future perspectives of optimizing renal therapy the aim of this study was to evaluate the circulatory and salivary heat shock protein level 70 in healthy individuals and individuals undergoing renal dialysis with chronic renal disease.
Method: 40 patients attending to the department of nephrology, K. S. Hegde Medical hospital diagnosed with chronic renal disease, undergoing renal dialysis in the age group of 35-60 yrs were included in the study. Individuals with other active infections, pregnant and lactating women’s, smokers were excluded from the study. The study was conducted among Control (n = 40) and Experimental group (n = 40). Saliva and serum samples were evaluated for Heat shock protein 70 by ELIZA Method (Enzyme -linked immunoassay for heat shock protein 70) and statistical analysis was done with independent student‘t’ test. P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
Conclusion: Salivary and circulatory Heat Shock protein 70 showed significant increase in Individuals undergoing renal dialysis .Thus, Circulatory and salivary Heat Shock Protein 70 is an efficient stress marker in chronic renal disease condition.
Heat shock protein, Renal dialysis, Stress response , Dentistry