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Description of the country:
Spain, on Europe’s Iberian Peninsula, is really 17 autonomous regions, each with its own geography and culture. The capital, Madrid, is home to the Royal Palace and singular Prado museum, housing works by European masters, and Segovia to the north has a fairy-tale medieval castle and Roman aqueduct. Catalonia’s capital, Barcelona, is defined by Antoni Gaudí’s quirky modernist architecture, including the Sagrada Família basilica.
Geography of the country:
Spain occupies 85% of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal, in southwest Europe. Africa is less than 10 mi (16 km) south at the Strait of Gibraltar. A broad central plateau slopes to the south and east, crossed by a series of mountain ranges and river valleys. Principal rivers are the Ebro in the northeast, the Tajo in the central region, and the Guadalquivir in the south. Off Spain's east coast in the Mediterranean are the Balearic Islands (1,936 sq mi; 5,014 sq km), the largest of which is Majorca. Sixty mi (97 km) west of Africa are the Canary Islands (2,808 sq mi; 7,273 sq km).
Status of Social & Political Science research and development:
Spain is one of the 24 full democracies in the world. Spain is organizationally structured as a so-called State of Autonomies it is one of the most decentralized countries in Europe, along with Switzerland, Germany and Belgium. All Autonomous Communities have their own elected parliaments, governments, public administrations, budgets, and resources. Government respects the human rights of its citizens; although there are a few problems in some areas, the law and judiciary provide effective means of addressing individual instances of abuse. The Spanish administration approved legislation in 2007 aimed at furthering equality between genders in Spanish political and economic life (Gender Equality Act) However, in the legislative branch, as of July 2010 only 128 of the 350 members of the Congress were women (36.3%). It places Spain 13th on a list of countries ranked by proportion of women in the lower house.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
Comparative politics, law, sociology, history, Comparative politics, International political economy, International relations in which extensive research is going on in Spain. In 2000, the Perestroika Movement in political science was introduced as a reaction against what supporters of the movement called the mathematicization of political science. Those who identified with the movement argued for a plurality of methodologies and approaches in political science and for more relevance of the discipline to those outside of it. Numerous Political journals are published from Spain with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including Universidad Complutense de Madrid. In France, aside from Sciences Po Paris in 5th place, the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne is also ranked 51-100.