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Description of the country:
United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, the federal district of Washington, D.C., five major territories, and various possessions.
Geography of the country:
The country is situated in the central southern part of North America almost entirely in the western hemisphere. The USA is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east and by the Pacific Ocean in the west. The mainland United States borders Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is in the northwest of the continent with Canada to its east, and the state of Hawaii is in the mid-Pacific. The largest state is Alaska, the smallest - Rhode Island. Apart from the political states of the USA, the country also has territories outside which are "insular areas".
Status of Social & Political Science research and development:
Social policy is a term which is applied to various areas of policy, usually within a governmental or political setting such as the welfare state and study of social services. The United States is a liberal democracy with a federal political structure comprising 50 states and the District of Columbia. The federal government is characterized by a separation of powers between the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. The constituent states have significant powers of self-government. The executive is headed by the President, who is elected every four years through a national contest by universal suffrage. The states and the District of Columbia choose the President of the United States. Each state has presidential electors equal to the number of their Representatives and Senators in Congress; the District of Columbia has three.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
The United States has operated under a two-party system for most of its history. In Social & Political Sciences, the USA produced 56 Nobel laureates so far. Within American political culture, the center-right Republican Party is considered "conservative" and the center-left Democratic Party is considered "liberal". American Journal of Political Science, American Political Science Review, and American Politics Research are publishing highest number of articles in Social & Political Sciences. Angus Stewart Deaton, FBA is a British-American economist. In 2015, he was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare. Numerous Political journals are published from USA with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including like Harvard University, Princeton University, University of Oxford and others are spearheading the Social & Political research).