Description of the country:
The Federal Republic of Germany is located in central Europe because of which it is also known as “heart of Europe”. After a period of Allied powers, two German states were founded: the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic. In 1990, the country was reunified. Berlin, Germany’s capital is a home to flourishing art and nightlife scenes, iconic Brandenburg Gate and many sites.
Geography of the country:
Germany is made up of the North German Plain, the Central German Uplands and the Southern German Highlands. Germany's major rivers include Danube, the Elbe, the Oder, the Weser, and the Rhine. Black Forest, a mountainous region full of pines and fir trees contains the source of the Danube, one of Europe's longest rivers.
Status of economy, research and development:
Germany is having largest national economy in Europe and it stands fourth-largest by nominal GDP in the world, and fifth by GDP (PPP). Germany has been reported to be third largest exporter in the world with 1.13 trillion euros in goods and services. Germany has evolved as a world leader in innovation, boasting research institutes alongside major engineering, IT and manufacturing industries. The country is pioneer in advanced research in SMErobotics, Humanities, Information Technology and medical data systems.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, Germany has produced 103 Nobel laureates so far. In 20th century, Germany had more Nobel Prizes in the field of science and technology than any other nation and it is consistent till today. Many of EU-funded projects, coordinated by German companies, universities and research institutes, highlight the diversity of German science and technology innovation. Numerous toxicology journals are published from Germany with good reputation. Several leading Institutions focusing on toxicology in Germany include Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover Institut für Toxikologie, Institut für Experimentelle und Klinische Toxikologie and Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz Institut für Toxikologie.