Description of the country:
Italy is located in Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia. It is the fourth most populous European Union member states. The government system in Italy is a republic. The capital of Italy is rome and neighbouring countries include Austria, France, Holy See, San Marino, Slovenia, and Switzerland. Italy is a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). Italy is also at the heart of the Catholic Church, which is governed from Vatican City, a city-state surrounded by Rome.
Geography of the country:
Italy is the country comprised of boot-shaped Italian peninsula and it is located in Southern Europe and between latitudes 35° and 47° N, and longitudes 6° and 19° E. The sea surrounds Italy, and mountains crisscross the interior, dividing it into regions. It is comprised of number of islands including Sicily and Sardinia. It is bounded by France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia to the north. Italy has a strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as well as proximity to Western Europe across the Adriatic Sea.
Status of economy, research and development:
Italy has a capitalist mixed economy, ranking as the third-largest in the Eurozone and the eighth-largest in the world. Italy has a diversified industrial economy, which is divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less-developed, highly subsidized, agricultural south, where unemployment is high. Since World War II, Italy has enjoyed an economic transformation. There is wide growth of Industrial development by mid 1960s; Italy had become one of the world's leading economies. Its main exports are clothing, shoes, food, and wine.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
In Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, this nation produced 21 Nobel laureates so far. Italy also carries the major research on Toxicology. Sapienza University of rome and Università degli studi di padova uin is the leading universities for Toxicology research.