A kidney tumor is an abnormal growth in the kidney. Tumors may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Kidney cancer surgery is performed to remove a cancer that is only in the kidney (early kidney cancer) or that has spread into nearby tissues (locally advanced kidney cancer). Depending on the stage of the cancer the surgeon may remove part of the kidney (partial nephrectomy) or the whole kidney (simple nephrectomy).
The treatment of kidney cancer depends on the size and spread of the cancer. Surgery is the most common first course of action, with the aim of removing the cancer cells. Unlike most other cancers, chemotherapy isn't very effective in treating kidney cancer. However, there are non-surgical treatments available, such as radiotherapy or targeted drug therapies. The main treatments for kidney cancer are covered in detail below and include: nephrectomy,embolisation,radiotherapy,targeted therapies,immunotherapy