Brazil officially the Federative Republic of Brazil is the fifth largest nation by both area and population. Brazil is the largest nation to have Portuguese as an official language, and the stand out in the Americas. Brazil was inhabited by various tribal nations before the landing in 1500 of pilgrim Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese state until 1808, when the capital of the realm was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. Freedom was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state administered under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary framework.
Brazil possesses a large area along the eastern coast of South America and incorporates a great part of the mainland's inside, sharing land fringes with Uruguay toward the south; Argentina and Paraguay toward the southwest; Bolivia and Peru toward the west; Colombia toward the northwest; and Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana toward the north. It shares an outskirt with each South American nation aside from Ecuador and Chile. Brazil is the fifth largest nation on the world, and third largest in the Americas.
Brazil is the largest national economy in Latin America, the world's eight largest economy at market exchange rates and the seventh largest in purchasing power parity (PPP), according to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Brazil has a mixed economy with abundant natural resources. The Brazilian economy has been predicted to become one of the five largest in the world in the decades to come, the GDP per capita following and growing.
There is stand out Nobel laureate from Brazil in the field of Medicine in the year 1960. UFRGS is a standout amongst the most vital human resources research centers in Brazil and Latin America. The main research areas created by the Institute are polymers, electrochemistry catalysis, organic synthesis, materials chemistry, ionic liquids, analytical and environmental chemistry, oil chemistry, fuel and lubricants, organometallic chemistry, theoretical and computational chemistry, molecular dynamics, solids and surfaces, chemistry education and radioactive tracers. There undergoes many researches and development in chemistry field which can be understood by chemistry journals. Many researchers share their researches and knowledge regarding the chemistry in list of chemistry journals Brazil. The research works related to chemistry are published in list of Chemistry journals. Brazil Chemistry journals and Chemistry Journals Brazil list considers articles for publication that reflect on the consequences of chemical study.