China is a sovereign state in Asia officially known as peoples republic of china. It is the world's most crowded state, with most astounding populace. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from South and Central Asia. China is a cradle of civilization, with its known history starting with an ancient civilization.
China is the second-largest country in the world by land area after Russia. China has the longest combined land border in the world. A major environmental issue in China is the continued expansion of its deserts, particularly the Gobi Desert. China is one of 17 megadiverse countries. China's climate is mainly dominated by dry seasons and wet monsoons. The country's lowest point, and the world's third-lowest, is the dried lake bed of Ayding Lake in the Turpan Depression.
China has the world's second-largest economy in terms of nominal GDP. China has been among the world's fastest-growing economies, relying largely on investment- and export-led growth. Its high productivity, low labour costs and relatively good infrastructure have made it a global leader in manufacturing. However, the Chinese economy is highly energy-intensive and inefficient. China ranked 29th in the Global Competitiveness Index in the year 2009. China's economic growth rate began to slow amid domestic credit troubles, weakening international demand for Chinese exports and fragility in the global economy.
There have been 8 Nobel laureates in China including in the field of chemistry. The first Nobel prize was awarded in the field of Chemistry. Many Chemistry Journals of China are publishing numerous research papers. The research works related to chemistry are published in list of Chemistry journals. China Chemistry journals and Chemistry Journals China list considers articles for publication that reflect on the consequences of chemical study.