Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (Spanish: Republica Argentina), is a federal republic placed in southeastern South America. The country is subdivided into twenty-3 provinces and one self-reliant metropolis, Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation. The call "Argentina" is derived from Latin argentum "silver", Plata in Spanish. Argentina is the 8th-largest United States inside the global, the second one-largest in Latin America. it is bordered by using Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Brazil to the northeast; Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south.
The surface area of Argentina is 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,518 sq mi). Argentina is a mega diverse country hosting one of the greatest ecosystem varieties in the world. Although the most populated areas are generally temperate, Argentina has exceptional climate diversity, ranging from subtropical in the north to sub polar in the far south. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Foreign policy is officially handled by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Worship, which answers to the President.
In 2012 accomplishment accounted for 20.3% of GDP—the better goods-producing area in the nation's economy. The country allowances from affluent accustomed resources, a awful community population, an export-oriented agronomical sector, and a adapted automated base. The account area is the better contributor to absolute GDP, accounting for over 60%. Argentina enjoys a adapted account sector, which includes well-developed social, corporate, financial, insurance, absolute estate, transport, advice services, and tourism.
Argentines have three Nobel Prize laureates in the field of sciences and two Peace Prizes. The Leloir Institute of biotechnology founded by Nobel Laureate Dr. Luis Leloir is the most prestigious in its field in Latin America, and the world. Four out of five Argentine adults have completed grade school, over a third have completed their secondary education and one in nine Argentine adults have college degrees. According to Pitossi FJ, et al., 2014, the stem cell research is going extensively in Argentina. Top Medical Universities that are doing research in Dentistry is University of Buenos Aires. Lots of research is getting published in Medical Journals worldwide.