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Australia is a country and a continent, Australia is 6th largest country by its total area but the smallest continent. Australia is one of the wealthiest countries on the planet, with the world's twelfth biggest economy. Australia ranks top in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights.
The geography of Australia is extremely diverse, landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometers Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. Australia lies between scopes 9° and 44°S, and longitudes 112° and 154°E. Australia consists of 6 states, 2 major mainland territories and also many other territories. It consists of 99% of land and only 1% of the water. Australia consist of world largest coral reef “Great Barrier Reef” which extends from east to west covering the continent about 2,300 km with a diversity of life, including many vulnerable or endangered species, some of which may be endemic to the reef system.
Australia is very wealthy according to the economy. The income for Australia is generated from various sources such as mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking and manufacturing. The research in Australia is the largest alliance dedicated to making health and medical research a higher national priority. It has grown at an average annual rate of 3.6% for over 15 years, in comparison to the OECD annual average of 2.5% and it was the only advanced economy not to experience a recession due to the global financial downturn in 2008–2009. The Diabetes Australia Research Program has invested $26 million in 388 diabetes research projects across Australia over the past nine years.
Diabetes is the epidemic of the 21st century and the biggest challenge confronting Australia’s health system. 280 Australians develop diabetes every day. Around 1.7 million Australians have diabetes. More than 100,000 Australians have developed diabetes in the past year. This means that an estimated 2.4 million Australians are affected by diabetes every day. Total annual cost impact of diabetes in Australia estimated at $14.6 billion. This year the Diabetes Australia Research Program should provide over $3.5 million to vital diabetes research projects across Australia. All the research funds are held in trust with 90% of donations going directly toward research grants.