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Epidemiology of Sharps Injuries in Eye Hospital in Saudi Arabia- 2013 | OMICS International
ISSN: 2161-1165
Epidemiology: Open Access

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Epidemiology of Sharps Injuries in Eye Hospital in Saudi Arabia- 2013

Ahmad M Alshahry*

Department of Chemistry, College of Science, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author:
Ahmad M Alshahry
Department of Chemistry, College of Science
King Faisal University
PO Box 1759 Hofuf 31982, Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 28, 2013; Accepted date: April 01, 2013; Published date: April 08, 2013

Citation: Alshahry AM (2013) Epidemiology of Sharps Injuries in Eye Hospital in Saudi Arabia- 2013. Epidemiol 3:121. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000121

Copyright: © 2013 Alshahry AM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Abstract

Sharps injury is well known risk for Health Care Workers (HCW). It possess the potential risk of transmission of blood borne pathogens and causes anxiety to HCWs. Ophthalmic practice consists of medical and surgical components with surgical components predominates the work load. The microsurgical nature of the specialty increases the risks of exposure to HCWs. Published data of sharp injury in ophthalmic practice are few. To my knowledge no study on sharps injuries in ophthalmic practice in Saudi Arabia has been published. The objective of the study is to describe the pattern of sharps injuries in ophthalmic practice in Dhahran eye specialist hospital (DESH) and to identify risk factors for injury.

Keywords

Sharp injury; Ophthalmology; Epidemiology; Occupational exposure

Study Design and Methods

This is a prospective study of ongoing surveillance system data of sharp injury for 7 years from 2006-2012 in DESH. Surveillance system of sharp injury in the hospital is self- reporting system of injured HCWs to infection control department to receive post exposure management and care. Surveillance system of sharp injury collects data on demography, job category (doctor, nurse and technician &allied workers), place of injury, site of injury, tool of injury, and task performed during injury.

Results

A total of 42 HCWs were injured during the 7 years period. Nurses sustained 50.0% (n=21) of sharps injuries, technicians 31% (n=13) and doctors 19% (n=8). Theatre was the most common location for injuries 54.8% (n=23) followed by clinic, wards and laboratory at 11.9% each. Needle whether hollow bore or surgical needle was the most culprit injury tool 83.3% (n=35). Handling the instrument represented 47.6% (n=20) of circumstances of injury followed by injuries during the procedures 31% (n=13). There was a median rate of 3.8 sharps injuries per 1000 procedures per year and a range of 2.1- 5.7.

Conclusions

This study shows special pattern of sharp injuries in ophthalmic practice in this eye hospital which can be effectively reduced by target education to HCWs and evaluation of methods to reduce sharps injuries in OR by ophthalmologists.

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