Turkey is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia, largely located in Western Asia, with the smaller portion of Eastern Thrace in Southeast Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Syria and Iraq to the south; Iran, Armenia, and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east; Georgia to the northeast; Bulgaria to the northwest; and Greece to the west. Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage.
Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country. The territory of Turkey is more than 1,600 kilometres (990 miles) long and 800 kilometres (500 miles) wide, with a roughly rectangular shape. Turkey is the world's 37th-largest country in terms of area. The country is encircled by seas on three sides: the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean to the south. Turkey also contains the Sea of Marmara in the northwest.
Turkey has the world's 17th largest GDP by PPP and 18th largest nominal GDP. The country is among the founding members of the OECD and the G-20 major economies.
Turkey has a sizeable automotive industry, which produced over a million motor vehicles in 2012, ranking as the 17th largest producer in the world. The major export markets are Malta, Marshall Islands, Panama and the United Kingdom. Other key sectors of the Turkish economy are banking, construction, home appliances, electronics, textiles, oil refining, petrochemical products, food, mining, iron and steel, and machine industry.
Turkish professor at the University of North Carolina, won Nobel Chemistry Prize along with Tomas Lindahl and Paul Modrich, with their work on how cells repair damaged DNA. Turkish government companies for research and development in military technologies include Turkish Aerospace Industries, Aselsan, Havelsan, Roketsan, MKE, among others. The Institute of Food science in Turkey is Tubitak. Numerous Food Science journals including Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, Turk Tarim ve Ormancilik Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry are published from Turkey with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including Ankara University, Hacettepe University, Middle East Technical University, Koc University, Istanbul Technical University and others like Food Science journals Turkey are spearheading the Food science research.