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Description of the country: China or officially known “People’s Republic of China”, with its 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities and two special administrative regions is world’s most populated and second largest country of the world in land area. With its roots in past and vision in future it has most fast developing economy of world.
Geography of the country: Being second largest country in land area after Russia, it has largest combined land border in world. China has a diverse landscape ranging from deserts like Gobi and Taklamakan in north to subtropical desert in south. Mountain ranges in south of country like Karakoram, Himalaya, Pamir and Tian Shan separates it’s from South and central Asia.
Status of economy, research and development: In spite of its large population China is the second largest economy in the world. About 344.7 billion USD is spent by China for research and development in year 2014 which is next to USA 473.4 billion USD. Presently China’s economy is market economy and one of the best examples of state capitalism. China with its outstanding advancements in telecommunications, transportation and infrastructure has become world’s fastest growing economy.
Status about Gastroenterology research in China: China has produced a total of 8 Nobel laureates in field such as Physics, Chemistry and Medicine. Chinese ethnicity is at the highest risk of gastroenterology disease. In past decade extensive work is done by Chinese scientists in this field which could be witnessed by increase in numbers of total articles, clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, case reports, impact factors (IF), citation reports, and articles published in the top general medical journals. Chinese medical journals such as World Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International publish around 90% of Chinese articles in gastroenterology. Shanghai Institute of Digestive Disease, Laboratory of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Shanghai are involved in pioneering research in field of gastroenterology.