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Mexico is officially known as the United Mexican States. It is a federal republic located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area covering almost two million square kilometres and the 13th largest independent nation in the world. It is the eleventh most populous country having population of over 120 million. It is also the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world and the second most populous country in Latin America
Mexico is bordered by the United States to the north and Belize and Guatemala to the southeast. Baja California in the west is an 800-mile (1,287-km) peninsula that forms the Gulf of California. To the east are the Gulf of Mexico and the Bay of Campeche, which is formed by Mexico's other peninsula, the Yucatán. The center of Mexico is a great, high plateau, open to the north, with mountain chains on the east and west and with ocean-front lowlands beyond.
Mexico has the 15th largest nominal GDP and the 11th largest by purchasing power parity.] The World Bank reported in 2009 that the country's Gross National Income in market exchange rates was the second highest in Latin America, after Brazil. Mexico is now firmly established as an upper middle-income country. After the slowdown of 2001 the country has recovered and has grown 4.2, 3.0 and 4.8 percent in 2004, 2005 and 2006, even though it is considered to be well below Mexico's potential growth. Furthermore, after the 2008-2009 recession, the economy grew an average of 3.32 percent per year from 2010 to 2014.
Mexico has an advanced infrastructure in the research and development of Gastroenterology. It included various organisations like The Univesity of New Mexico, World Gastroenterology Organisation Mexico city training center, National Institute of Medical Science and Nutrition Salvador Zubiran etc. which are the leading members in the field of Gastroenterology. According to SCImago Journal and Country ranking, Mexico stands in the 32nd place worldwide in the publication of research works in various Gastroenterology journals.