alexa
Reach Us +44-1522-440391
Exercise Training versus Drug Interventions on Mortality Outcomes: The Research Evidence | OMICS International
ISSN: 2161-1165
Epidemiology: Open Access

Like us on:

Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Exercise Training versus Drug Interventions on Mortality Outcomes: The Research Evidence

Leonardo Roever*

Department of Clinical Research, Federal University of Uberlândia, Brazil

*Corresponding Author:
Leonardo Roever
Department of Clinical Research
Av. Pará, 1720 - Bairro Umuarama
Uberlândia - MG - CEP 38400-902, Brazil
Tel: +553488039878
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 23, 2015; Accepted date: October 26, 2015 Published date: November 02, 2015

Citation: Roever L (2015) Exercise Training versus Drug Interventions on Mortality Outcomes: The Research Evidence. Epidemiology (sunnyvale) 5:e119. doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000e119

Copyright: © 2015 Roever L. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Epidemiology: Open Access

Introduction

Population study has shown that people who exercise have a higher quality of life and better health compared to sedentary, with reductions of hospital admissions. Favorable results have been seen in patients with arthritis, cancer, diabetes, heart disease and respiratory [1-9].

Naci et al. combined study level death outcomes from exercise and drug trials using random effects network meta-analysis. The authors included 16 (4 exercise and 12 drugs) meta-analyses. Incorporating an additional three recent exercise trials, our review collectively included 305 randomized controlled trials with 339,274 participants. Across all four conditions with evidence on the effectiveness of exercise on mortality outcomes (secondary prevention of coronary heart disease, treatment of heart failure, prevention of diabetes, rehabilitation of stroke), 14,716 participants were randomized to physical activity interventions in 57 trials. There was no statistically significance between exercise and drug interventions in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and pre-diabetes. Exercise interventions were more effective than drug treatment among patients with stroke (odds ratios, exercise versus anticoagulants 0.09, 95% credible intervals, 0.01 to 0.70 and exercise versus antiplatelet 0.10, 0.01 to 0.62). Diuretics were more effective than exercise in heart failure (exercise v diuretics 4.11, 1.17 to 24.76) [10].

Exercise and drug interventions are similar in terms of their mortality benefits in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease, treatment of heart failure, and prevention of diabetes, rehabilitation after stroke. ET program should be implemented in this population towards a lower morbidity and mortality.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Article Usage

  • Total views: 8463
  • [From(publication date):
    December-2015 - Dec 16, 2019]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 8376
  • PDF downloads : 87
Top