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ISSN:2167-7964
OMICS Journal of Radiology
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Incidental Left Ventricular Pseudoaneurysm Discovered 5 Years after Myocardial Infarction

Richard AP Takx1*, Christian Fink2 and Thomas Henzler2
1Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands, The Netherlands
2Institute of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Germany
Corresponding Author : Richard Takx
Department of Radiology
UMC Utrecht, Heidelberg laan 100 3508
GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Tel: +31-887559529
Fax: +31-302581098
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 19, 2013; Accepted May 08, 2013; Published May 13, 2013
Citation: Takx RAP, Fink C, Henzler T (2013) Incidental Left Ventricular Pseudoaneurysm Discovered 5 Years after Myocardial Infarction. OMICS J Radiology 2:126. doi: 10.4172/2167-7964.1000126
Copyright: © 2013 Takx RAP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Case Report
GA 65 year-old man was admitted to the intensive care unit with candida sepsis. A suspected pulmonary etiology prompted a contrast enhanced Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the chest. CT revealed dilated cardiomyopathy, lateral and apical myocardial wall thinning, diffuse coronary artery calcifications, and a large, calcified left ventricular pseudoaneurysm arising from the basal lateral myocardial wall. Five years prior, the patient was diagnosed with Myocardial Infarction (MI) of the circumflex and first diagonal coronary arteries, which was managed medically. There was no record of subsequent free wall rupture or pseudoaneurysm formation.
Left ventricular (LV) pseudoaneurysms are rare, frequently asymptomatic and often fatal when left untreated. Unlike a true LV aneurysm, a LV pseudoaneurysm contains no endocardium or myocardium. LV pseudoaneurysm is most commonly the result of a transmural acute MI when myocardial rupture is contained by pericardial adhesions or scar tissue. Diagnosis can be complicated because patients usually present with symptoms similar to coronary artery disease [1]. CT accurately delineates the extent of a LV pseudoaneurysm and allows for assessment of both intra-cardiac and extra-cardiac anatomy. Owing to the risk of subsequent fatal rupture, regardless of chronicity [2], surgery is often recommended [3]. Surgical repair provides good symptomatic relief and long-term survival in case of dyskinetic or akinetic aneurysms [4]. However, taking into account the surgical risk, conservative treatment should be considered in asymptomatic individuals. Moreover, long-term survival of patients treated conservatively appears to be relatively benign [5]. This represents an unusual case of a stable post-MI LV pseudoaneurysm discovered years after the original insult (Figure 1).
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