alexa Intraosseous Meningioma Masquerading as Fibrous Dysplasia | Open Access Journals
Diagnostic Pathology: Open Access
Like us on:
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Intraosseous Meningioma Masquerading as Fibrous Dysplasia

Solomon S. Shaftel1, Ramzi M. Alameddine1, Sang-Rog Oh1, Bobby S. Korn1,2, Jonathan H. Lin3 and Don O. Kikkawa1,2*

1Division of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, UCSD Department of Ophthalmology, Shiley Eye Institute, La Jolla, California, USA

2UCSD Division of Plastic Surgery, La Jolla, California, USA

3UCSD Department of Pathology, La Jolla, California, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Don O. Kikkawa
Professor of Clinical Ophthalmology
Division of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
UCSD Department of Ophthalmology
Shiley Eye Institute, La Jolla
California, USA
Tel: +1 (305) 713-3802
Fax: +961 03-404751
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 02, 2015; Accepted date: January 04, 2015; Published date: January 08, 2015

Citation: Shaftel SS, Alameddine RM, Oh SR, Korn BS, Lin JH et al. (201) Intraosseous Meningioma Masquerading as Fibrous Dysplasia. Diagn Pathol open 1:104. doi:10.4172/2476-2024.1000104

Copyright: © 2015 Shaftel SS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Diagnostic Pathology: Open Access

Abstract

Background: Intraosseous meningiomas often display clinical and radiologic features that can be confused for fibrous dysplasia. Histopathology usually confirms the diagnosis. We present a case initially misdiagnosed as fibrous dysplasia by histopathology.
Methods: A 58-year-old male presented with worsening proptosis and vision loss. He was previously diagnosed with fibrous dysplasia at an outside institution, with histologic confirmation of the diagnosis during orbital decompression.
Results: On examination there was evidence of optic neuropathy and mild restriction of gaze. Imaging revealed a large ossified mass of the greater sphenoid wing. Craniotomy and surgical decompression resulted in improved vision and symptoms. Histopathology revealed meningioma with bony and dural components.
Conclusions: This case emphasizes the need for a high level of suspicion and representative biopsies to reach prompt diagnosis of meningiomas in cases of recurrent or atypical fibrous dysplasia

Keywords

Meningioma; Fibrous dysplasia; Proptosis; Optic neuropathy; Orbital apex

Background

Intraosseous meningiomas of the sphenoid bone are rare tumors that often present with proptosis and loss of vision. They display clinical and radiographic features that can appear similar to the benign fibrous dysplasia [1]. The definitive diagnosis is usually confirmed histologically. We report a case of recurrent proptosis and optic neuropathy, initially misdiagnosed at an outside institution as fibrous dysplasia which ultimately revealed intraosseous meningioma.

Case Presentation

A 58-year-old male presented with a history of recurrent painful right proptosis. He reported progressive visual loss over a period of several months, but denied diplopia. Prior imaging showed a bony lesion of the greater wing of the right sphenoid. The patient previously had orbital decompression performed twice at an outside institution, five and three years prior to presentation. Histopathology from prior surgery revealed evidence of fibrous dysplasia and normal bone.

Upon presentation, visual acuity was 20/50 in the right eye and 20/30 in the left. A brisk relative afferent pupillary defect was present in his right eye, in addition to loss of color vision on Ishihara plates and mild pallor of the optic nerve. Mild restriction in all directions of gaze was seen on the right side, as well as a relative proptosis of eight millimeters as compared to the left eye.

Orbital CT imaging (Figure 1A, B) showed a large hyperostotic lesion of the right greater wing of the sphenoid encroaching upon the optic canal. This lesion demonstrated feathered borders and surrounding soft tissue involvement. MRI with gadolinium contrast (Figure 1C) showed extensive enhancement and adjacent thickening of the surrounding dura concerning for meningioma.

diagnostic-pathology-outward-bowing

Figure 1a: (A & B) Axial and coronal CT imaging (Figure 1A and 1B) reveals a mass centered (white arrow) within the right greater sphenoid wing with extension into the frontal and temporal bones. The inner and outer tables demonstrate a feathered or speculated appearance. There is outward bowing of the inner table towards the brain, and the mass extends towards the orbital apex.

diagnostic-pathology-sphenoid-extending

Figure 1c: Coronal T1 weighted MRI (Figure 1C) with gadolinium contrast demonstrates an enhancing epidural mass along the right sphenoid extending towards the cavernous sinus (white arrow) with extensive enhancement of temporal lobe dura.

A right fronto-temporal craniotomy was performed for access and surgical debulking. Special attention was paid to decompress the optic canal and the sphenoid bone. Post-operative visual acuity improved to 20/30, with a four millimeters decrease in relative proptosis and improvement on the Humphrey visual field. Histopathology revealed bland meningo-epithelial cells with low nuclear to cytoplasmic ratios, indistinct borders and intra-nuclear inclusions embedded within bony fragments. The positive immunoreactivity with epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) confirmed the diagnosis of meningioma (Figure 2A). The patient underwent postoperative radiation therapy to decrease risk of recurrence.

diagnostic-pathology-antigen-epithelial

Figure 2a: Positive staining of cells at 200x with epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) consistent with the diagnosis of meningioma (black arrow).

Discussion

While meningiomas represent almost 15% of all brain tumors [2], primary intraosseous meningiomas are a rare extradural subtype that accounts for less than two percent of all meningiomas. They commonly demonstrate osteoblastic activity with robust hyperostosis surrounding a central lesion [2]. Meningiomas can also display mixed osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity, or more rarely an osteolytic response [3]. Although sphenoid involvement might be secondary to an extension of a dural meningioma, in our case, the clinical history and tumor configuration on MRI favor a primary intraosseous meningioma with dural extension [4,5].

The clinical and radiologic characteristics of meningioma can be confused with those of fibrous dysplasia [1,2,3,6-8]. Fibrous dysplasia is a congenital, progressive anomaly of bones characterized by the replacement of normal bone structure by fibro-osseous tissue. They classically present with slowly progressive proptosis caused by dense hyperostotic lesions that commonly arrest growing after puberty [9]. Fibrous dysplasia and intraosseous meningioma can both present as hyperostotic lesions near the orbital apex and may appear radiographically similar [1,8,10]. Factors favoring intraosseous meningioma over fibrous dysplasia include inward protrusion of the inner table of the hyperostotic lesion on CT, feathering of lesions edges, soft tissue involvement, int3ense enhancement on MRI and lack of involvement of the frontal bone [1,7]. The differential diagnosis also includes osteoma, metastasis, Paget’s disease, eosinophilic granuloma and Langerhans histiocytosis.

The presence of neoplastic meningeal cells on histopathology allows for a clear distinction between the diagnosis of meningioma and fibrous dysplasia. Positive staining of cells with EMA on immunohistochemistry further aids in the diagnosis. Although it is possible for fibrous dysplasia and intraosseous meningioma to concomitantly occur [3], it is more likely that the previous surgical specimens only sampled the peripheral hyperostotic fibrotic changes, omitting the meningioma component. This resulted in a delay in the final diagnosis. Although the majority are benign, the chronicity and recurrence of meningiomas may require more aggressive treatment to prevent optic neuropathy, pain, and diplopia [1]. Complete surgical excision is favored, along with adjuvant radiation therapy for recalcitrant cases [8].

In summary, intraosseous meningioma should always be suspected in cases of recurrent or atypical fibrous dysplasia. It is important to obtain representative biopsy specimens from the core of the lesion (Figure 2B and Figure 2C). Histologic specimens obtained from the periphery may only reveal reactive hyperostotic changes that can be misdiagnosed as fibrous dysplasia. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can cause significant morbidity and mortality as more critical structures become involved [8].

diagnostic-pathology-eosin-islands

Figure 2b: Low power (50x) image of intraoperative biopsy specimen stained with hemotoxylin and eosin reveal islands of bland cells within bone.

diagnostic-pathology-bony-fragments

Figure 2c: Higher power (200x) image of biopsy specimen demonstrating meningo-epithelial cells with low nuclear to cytoplasmic ratios, indistinct borders and intranuclear inclusions embedded within bony fragments (black arrow). Mitotic figures and necrosis are not evident.

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by grants from the Bell Charitable Foundation, Rancho Santa Fe, CA; Research to Prevent Blindness, New York, NY; and the UCSD Vision Research Center Core Grant P30EY022589.

DECLARATION OF INTEREST

The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Recommended Journals

Article Usage

  • Total views: 7961
  • [From(publication date):
    March-2016 - Oct 24, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 7904
  • PDF downloads :57

Review summary

  1. Harman Dhillon
    Posted on Aug 24 2016 at 2:19 pm
    The authors reported the occurrence of primary extradural intraosseous meningioma in a 58 year old male. The authors presented the histopathological results of the patient and discussed the whole process of diagnosis, prognosis as well as treatment of the disease. The article provides novel information on the disease and will act as a guiding reference for young doctors.
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords