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Therapeutic Potentials of Zingiber officinale
ISSN: 2573-4555

Journal of Traditional Medicine & Clinical Naturopathy
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  • Short Communication   
  • J Tradit Med Clin Natur 2019 8: 278, Vol 8(1)

Therapeutic Potentials of Zingiber officinale

Nida Tabassum Khan*
Department of Biotechnology, Balochistan University of Information Technology Engineering and Management Sciences, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Nida Tabassum Khan, Department of Biotechnology, Balochistan University of Information Technology Engineering and Management Sciences, Pakistan, Tel: +92 3368164903, Email: [email protected]

Received: 28-Dec-2018 / Accepted Date: 07-Jan-2019 / Published Date: 14-Jan-2019

Abstract

Being one of the mostly consumed alimentary condiments, Ginger’s medicinal properties are striking. With its stimulating piquant flavor, ginger adds a special flavor in Asian cooking. Besides, it has been associated with multitude of therapeutic potentials such as from beating motion sickness to better brain function. Zingiber officinale possess numerous bioactive constituents such as vitamins, carbohydrates, minerals etc. In addition to that ginger also contains phenolic constituents such as 6-gingerol, paradol, shogaol and zingerone. Ginger is used as a natural remedy for the treatment of numerous ailments such as ulcers, hypertension and gastric discomforts thus making it therapeutically potent.

Keywords: Zingiber officinale; Rhizome; 6- Gingerol; Paradol; Antiinflammatory; Antidiabetic 

Introduction

Zingiber officinale is commonly known as ginger, an underground rhizome which is popular for its therapeutic applications across the globe [1]. It has been used for decades as a natural remedy for the treatment of numerous ailments in ancient Rome, China, Greek, India and Arabic [2]. Ginger is available in the form of fresh root or dried with multiple health associated benefits [3]. Besides being antibacterial, it reduces high cholesterol and body fats in obese individuals [4].

Ginger herb

It is a tropical persistent herb innate to Southeast Asia and extensively nurtured in India, Australia, Nigeria, China and Jamaica [5]. Its underground edible portion is called as rhizome and is covered with a brownish beige thick peripheral and is yellowish from inside [6]. The herb possess dense and extended stems with vertically arranged leaves bearing oval shaped distinct assemblies that produces yellowish green flowers [7]. Due to the presence of ketones and gingerol ginger has a strong sweet and peppery flavor [8].

Nutritional constituents of ginger: Ginger possesses numerous bioactive compounds (Table 1) that offers its aromatic, cooking and remedial uses [9-13].

S.no Nutritional constituent Value per 100 gram of dry ginger (3.5 ounces of ginger extract)
1 Carbohydrates 17.8 g
2 Dietary fibre 2 g
3 Energy 80 calories
4 Protein 1.8 rams
5 Iron 0.6 mg
6 Manganese 0.2 mg
7 Vitamin-C 5 mg
8 Niacin 0.7 mg
9 Copper mg
10 Fat 0.7 g
11 Phosphorus 34 mg
12 Vitamin B6 0.2 mg
13 Magnesium 43 mg
14 Potassium 415 mg

Table 1: Nutritional value of Ginger’s bioactive constituent per 100 gram of dry ginger (approximately 3.5 ounces of ginger extract).

In addition to that ginger contains phenolic constituents such as 6-gingerol, paradol, shogaol and zingerone [14]. The health aids of ginger are documented in Table 2 as a natural remedy for the treatment of numerous diseases and health conditions.

S.no Medical condition Benefits
1 Treat Nausea Natural remedy for morning sickness and sea sickness
Treatment of nausea, pregnancy vomiting and hyperemesis gravidarum [15,16]
2 Antifungal Treatment of yeast associated infections such as  athlete’s foot, mouth infections etc. [17]
3 Antiulcer Inhibits development of stomach ulcers such as ulcer caused by aspirin intakes [18]
4 Reduce Menstrual Pains Reduces intensity and duration of  dysmenorrhea (period cramps) and associated headaches [19]
5 Anticancer Inhibits cancer cell growth of ovarian colorectal, pancreatic and prostate cancer by inducing apoptosis and auto-phagocytosis [20,21]
6 Antidiabetic Reduces high  blood sugar and minimizes its associated prevent symptoms such as recurrent urination and migraines [22]
7 Reduces Joint/ Muscle Pain Reduce inflammation and joins/muscle pain associated with arthritis and osteoarthritis[23]
8 Reduces
Cholesterol Levels
Naturally reduces high cholesterol and triglyceride levels [24]
9 Improves Cognitive Functions Delay brain aging and cognitive decline[25]
10 Antibacterial Effective against bacteria causing pneumonia, urinary tract infections, bronchitis and drug-resistant bacteria [26,27]
11 Anti-inflammatory Inhibits blood clotting Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis Suppress pro-inflammatory compounds such as chemokines and cytokines [28,29]
12 Stimulates Proper Digestion Reduces problems like dyspepsia pain, heartburn and discomfort [30,31]

Table 2: Health benefits of ginger.

Side effects of ginger if used in excess: If Ginger is consumed in high amount then an individual might suffer from symptoms like stomach discomfort, diarrhoea, heartburn, skin irritation like hives, difficulty breathing etc. [32].

Conclusion

Thus, Ginger is one of the most regularly used nutritive condiments in the world, it may be effective at declining morning illness , reducing menstrual discomforts, combating microbial infections, treating stomach ulcers, improving cognitive function and reducing inflammation.

References

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Citation: Khan NT (2019) Therapeutic Potentials of Zingiber officinale. J Tradit Med Clin Natur 8:278.

Copyright: © 2019 Khan NT. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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