Australia officially known as the Common wealth of Australia, It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the world's 12th-largest economy. Australia is well known for its economic and military expenditure as well as unmatched global reach in terms of science and technology. Australia has now evolved as an unbeatable technological power of the world in medical, pharmaceuticals, military equipment as well as computers and technology.
On 23 March 1938, 20 ophthalmologists from various states gathered in Sydney to form the Ophthalmological Society of Australia of the British Medical Association, with Sir James Barrett as its first President. Prior to this, the Intercolonial (later Australasian) Medical Congresses had provided the only vehicle for Australian ophthalmologists to meet and exchange professional ideas. Dissatisfaction with this arrangement led to the successful move to create a truly national organisation to represent the profession. The launch of many ophthalmology journals has facilitated the clinical and research updates to the readers over the world.
In April 1939, the Ophthalmology journals of Australia held its first annual national scientific meeting in Melbourne. This meeting was followed later in 1939 by the publication of Volume 1 of Transactions of the Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology of Australia, the precursor to the College's current scientific journal. In the post war years there was growing dissatisfaction about the standard of international ophthalmology journal. Qualifications were fragmented and there was no national agreement about the basic determination of competence to practice ophthalmology. Many felt that the list of ophthalmology journals of Australia setting of international standards and training was a matter for organised ophthalmology, and that this should be carried out by a college rather than a society.