The name Italy (Italia) is an old name for the nation and individuals of Southern Italy. Initially it was spelled Vitalia, most likely from the same root as the Latin vitulus (a one-year-old calf), hence actually signifying 'calf-land' or "Land of Cattle". Italy, officially the Italian Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Italy is mostly referred as lo Stivale. There was a revolutionary political upheaval known as Risorgimento. The main aim of the movement was in support of Italian Nationalism and Italian independence from foreign control. The movement has made Italy into an independent and unified nation-state. Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and eighth largest economy in the world. Italy is the founding member of European Union.
The main aim of the Ophthalmology researchers in Italy is able to act in the field of eye diseases, their diagnosis and therapy with a modern cultural and technological knowledge. The country has a great history of preventing eye diseases, and providing better health care to the patients through its government organizations. The educational programs and their services, provides the remarkable awareness in the field of ophthalmology. The launch of many Ophthalmology journals has facilitated the clinical and research updates to the readers over the world.
The Volume of articles published by Italians in various Ophthalmology journals internationally will clearly denote the amount of research in the country. The Italian research institute and Italian Society of Ophthalmology, provides the innovative research and contributions to the ophthalmic fields from medicine, sciences, technology and also publishes many Italian Ophthalmology Journals. The list of Ophthalmology journals Italy plays a crucial role in spreading the unique research on eye diseases. These Italian Ophthalmology journals list always served as a reliable sources of clinical advancements in the field of Ophthalmology.