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Russia is the largest and ninth most populous and sovereign country in the world. It was during 3rd and 8th centuries a recognizable group in Europe known as ‘East slavs’ emerged; and it was around 18th century that this nation explored to form Russian empire known to be the third largest empire in history and ranges from Poland in Europe to Alaska in North America. The first Caesar officially crowned was grand Duke Ivan IV (1547, Rurik’s dynasty) followed by his successors and later continued its growth with Cossacks and then was “Peter the Great” who recognized it as the world’s super power. Russia fought against Napoleon's France as an ally with various European countries. It became largest and leading constituent in USSR after its revolution. In June 1991, Boris Yeltsin became the first directly elected President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (semi presidential republic state). It explores internationally and is a member of many organizations including UNSC, APEC, SCO, OSCEM, WTO, CIS, CSTO, EEU and it plays a major role in maintaining international peace and security.
Scientifically ophthalmology emerged after 1650s only. The establishment of Medical surgery school (1973) in St. Petersburg created awareness for the eye diseases and later Journals published various treatments in Eye diseases. 19th century marks the beginning of modern ophthalmology and then later ophthalmology departments were established in various universities across Russia. The best trained Doctors and eye disease research in Russia advances it to be known worldwide. Svyatoslav Fyodorov is known as the "father of ophthalmic microsurgery" and he popularized the radial keratotomy, invented a surgical cure for cataract, and developed the scleroplasty. The area further progresses as the government grants funds for the development and appropriate measures to treat the disease completely with the help of laser treatments, surgeries etc. Researchers try to correlate eye diseases to brain vessels and the high use of PC’s, electronics has increased its disease rate. Various institutes for ophthalmology journal well known includes: Saint Petersburg Medical Technical College, The Helmholtz Research Institute for Eye Disease etc.
Ophthalmology journals list provides almost maximum information about the eye diseases and its related organizations. Most of the russian Ophthalmology journals list focus on the causal factors, treatment for major diseases concerned to eye and it becomes quite easier to solve medical related issues thus leading to the countries progression. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology are high peer reviewed and provides solution to most of the eye related problems and these serve for the advancements in clinical and medical sciences.