Saudi Arabia is second largest in the Arab world and the largest Arab state in western Asia. It forms boundary to Iraq in north, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain and UAE in East, Oman on the Southeast and Yemen on south. The area comprises approximately 2,250,000 km2.Abdul-Aziz bin Saud is the founder of this kingdom. The absolute monarchic government in this country has been Islamic. Saudi Arabia is also referred to as “The land of the two holy mosques” in reference to Mecca and Medina, the holy sites of Islam. The basic law followed is that King must abide by the Islamic laws known as Sharia. The holy book of Islam is QURAN and Sunnah (Tradition of Mohammed) which makes up the constitution and there is no modern constitution has ever written, thus marks its identity and unique system throughout the world. No political elections would be held nationally but local powers emerge by the majority. 90% of the export income for oil and petroleum makes its economy much stronger. Government plans to technically advance in the field of education, power, telecommunication, agriculture etc.
The Ministry of Health (MOH) forms a major provider of health care services in Saudi Arabia. It spends considerable effort providing modern ophthalmic care to its citizens providing almost 10% of total health care resources to eye care. King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital (KKESH) was established in 1982 and major advancement and progresses in ophthalmology emerged here. There is a diverse distribution among eye specialists in various regions of the country. Majority of people prefer to practice medicine in Urban areas of Riyadh, Mecca, Jeddah and the Eastern areas and when compared a very low percentage in the other regions.
Ophthalmology journals worldwide relates to the research and advancement in the field of eye and its related subject area. Saudi Arabia ophthalmology journals list displays all the major organizations of ophthalmology in Saudi Arabia. This list of ophthalmology journals is advancing since established in the late 20th century. The Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology is highly peer reviewed and one of the advanced journals in the field of medicine reporting most of the researches in clinics and eye related diseases, thus provides us a better source of information to understand the specific and causal factors for ophthalmic diseases, thus updating its advancements for a better tomorrow.