The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis ("southern land") a name used for putative lands in the southern hemisphere since ancient times. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages grouped into roughly 250 language groups. Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the world's 12th-largest economy.
The geography of Australia encompasses a wide variety of biogeographic regions being the world's smallest continent but the sixth-largest country in the world. The population of Australia is concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts. The geography of the country is extremely diverse, ranging from the snow-capped mountains of the Australian Alps and Tasmania to large deserts, tropical and temperate forests.
Australia is a wealthy country; it generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking and manufacturing. Rich in natural resources, Australia is a major exporter of agricultural products, particularly wheat and wool, minerals such as iron-ore and gold, and energy in the forms of liquified natural gas and coal. Australia is the world's fourth largest exporter of wine, and the wine industry contributes $5.5 billion per year to the nation's economy. The Research and Development (R&D) Programme supports renewable energy technologies that will increase the commercial deployment of renewable energy technology of Orthopedics in Australia.
List of orthopedics journals in Australia include The Australian Orthopaedic Association (AOA) is the peak professional organisation for orthopaedic surgery in Australia. The main aim is to provide high-quality specialist education, training and continuing professional development for Australian orthopaedic surgeons and it is committed to ensuring the highest possible standard of orthopaedic care & it leads authority in the provision of orthopaedic information to the community It actively supports scientific research and orthopaedic humanitarian initiatives in Australia and overseas. AOA is a national organisation with six state/territory branches. The Association is headquartered in Sydney and has 15 full-time staff. Nobel laureates of Australia were Elizabeth H. Blackburn*, Physiology or Medicine 2009, Barry Marshall, Physiology or Medicine 2005, J. Robin Warren, Physiology or Medicine 2005.