Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. Canada's border with the United States is the world's longest land border. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land territory being dominated by forest and tundra and the Rocky Mountains; about four-fifths of the country's population of 35 million people live near the southern border.
The geography of Canada describes the geographic features of Canada, the world's second largest country in total area. Situated in northern North America (constituting 41% of the continent's area), Canada spans a vast, diverse territory between the North Pacific Ocean to the west and the North Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Arctic Ocean to the north (hence the country's motto "From sea to sea"), with the United States to the south (contiguous United States) and northwest (Alaska). Greenland is to the northeast; off the southern coast of Newfoundland lies Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, an overseas collectivity of France. All these details which were included in the list of Orthopedics Journal in Canada.
Canada has the 11th (nominal) or 15th-largest (PPP) economy in the world, it is one of the world's wealthiest nations, and is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Group of Seven (G7). As with other developed nations, the Canadian economy is dominated by the service industry, which employs about three quarters of Canadians. Canada is unusual among developed countries in the importance of the primary sector, with the logging and oil industries being two of Canada's most important. Canada also has a sizable manufacturing sector, based in Central Canada, with the automobile industry and aircraft industry being especially important. With a long coastline, Canada has the 8th largest commercial fishing and seafood industry in the world.
The Canada Orthopedics journals works to ensure that the structure, content, and conduct of medical education meet the highest standards and keep pace with the changing needs of patients and the nation's health care system. COA resources assist the leadership, faculty and administrators of residency programmes and teaching hospitals in accomplishing their educational missions. The Department’s five-year residency program prepares residents for a career in general orthopaedics. Journal Participants are exposed to all areas of orthopaedics, including general and paediatric orthopaedics, adult and children’s trauma, adult reconstructive orthopaedics, foot and ankle surgery, oncology, arthroscopic and sports-related surgery, back pain management and spine surgery, hand surgery and rehabilitation. Nobel laureates of Canada were Ralph M. Steinman, Physiology or Medicine 2011, Jack W. Szostak, Physiology or Medicine 2009.