Actions and Strategies for the Urban Pollution Produced by HeatingPlants
Nicoletti G*, Bruno R, Arcuri N and Nicoletti G
Department of Mechanical, Energetic and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, 87030 Arcavacata Di Rende (CS), Italy
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nicoletti G
Department of Mechanical, Energetic and Management Engineering
University of Calabria, 87030 Arcavacata Di Rende (CS), Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: September 04, 2015; Accepted date: October 16, 2015; Published date: October 20, 2015
Citation: Nicoletti G, Bruno R, Arcuri N, Nicoletti G (2015) Actions and Strategies for the Urban Pollution Produced by Heating Plants. Oil Gas Res 1:102. doi: 10.4172/2472-0518.1000102
Copyright: © 2015 Nicoletti G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In urban areas, the emission of pollutants produced in combustion processes causes the air contamination. Regarding traditional combustion products released from heating plants of residential sector, a study on their environmental impact and the proposal of appropriate strategies for urban pollution reduction, has been carried out. In the first part, some initiatives to reduce urban air pollution linked to heating systems operation, in order to increase the livableness of cities, are proposed. In the second part, a quantitative comparison among different fossil fuels which supply heating plants, both under the environmental and safety points of view, has been carried out. The investigation has included solar-hydrogen as new and cleaner energy carrier for the future. At this purpose, suitable quality indexes which measure the flammability and the expansiveness characteristics of the fuels have been introduced. Another quality index was used in order to evaluate the environmental impact, by considering the pollutant substances produced during the combustion reaction. Finally, a classification among the considered fuels was determined by means a global impact index, which summarizes all the mentioned aspects. An economic analysis involving the real costs of considered fuels was carried out by moving the focus of the investigation to the end of the process of energy production, and by extending the evaluation of the real costs by including the effects produced from the final use.