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Added Effect of Pranayama and Respiratory Muscle Training for Pain, Anxiety and Strength in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial| Abstract
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Journal of Cardiac and Pulmonary Rehabilitation
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  • Research Article   
  • J Card Pulm Rehabil,
  • DOI: 10.4172/jcpr.1000141

Added Effect of Pranayama and Respiratory Muscle Training for Pain, Anxiety and Strength in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

P Sushna1, Dhanesh Kumar KU1* and Gopala Krishna2
1Department of CTVS, Nitte Institute of Physiotherapy, Nitte Deemed University Medical Science College, Mangalore, India
2Department of CTVS, Justice K S Hegde Charitable Hospital, Mangalore, India
*Corresponding Author : Dr. Dhanesh Kumar KU, Department of CTVS, Nitte Institute of Physiotherapy, Nitte (Deemed to be University), Medical Science College, Mangalore, India, Tel: (+91)9019431417, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Apr 02, 2021 / Accepted Date: Apr 16, 2021 / Published Date: Apr 23, 2021

Abstract

Background: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is common in adults. CABG is the most common surgical management for CAD in India. Pain and anxiety are commonly experience by patients undergoing cardiac surgery. These symptoms would result in prolonged recovery after surgery. Cardiac rehabilitation helps in faster recovery. Yoga is recognized as a most beneficial complementary and alternative therapy.

Objective: Effect of pranayama on pain and anxiety and respiratory muscle training in patient’s undergoing CABG.

Methods: All patients were screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria prior to their assessment. Total of 42 subjects was randomized into group A (experimental, n=21), group B (Control, n=21). Experimental group was given pranayama and inspiratory muscle training on preoperative days and was continued from POD 4 TO POD 7 along with cardiac rehabilitation protocol. Group B followed cardiac rehabilitation protocol. Visual analog scale and Beck anxiety inventory score was assessed before the intervention and on POD 7.

Results: Experimental group showed effectiveness in VAS and BAI comparing to control group postoperatively.

Conclusion: From the study conducted we come to the conclusion that the outcomes measures pain, anxiety and strength differed during pre and post interventions in both the groups. Hence the selected interventions for the experimental group are effective in improving pain and anxiety.

Trial registration: Registration number of CTRI/2019/09/021281

Keywords: Relaxation technique; Muscle strengthening; Coronary artery diseases

Citation: Sushna P, Kumar D, Krishna G (2021) Added Effect of Pranayama and Respiratory Muscle Training for Pain, Anxiety and Strength in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Card Pulm Rehabil 5: 141 Doi: 10.4172/jcpr.1000141

Copyright: © 2021 Sushna P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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