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Aerobic Exercise Prescription for Older Population: A Short Review | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7025

Journal of Novel Physiotherapies
Open Access

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Aerobic Exercise Prescription for Older Population: A Short Review

Michael T.C. Liang1* and Steve Jui-Hsing Lin2
1Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, USA
2Department of Physical Education, National Pingtung University of Education, Pingtung, Taiwan, Republic of China
Corresponding Author : Michael T.C. Liang
California State Polytechnic University
Pomona, Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion
3801 West Temple Avenue, Building 66-207
Pomona, California 91768, USA
Tel: 886-8-7226141
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 29, 2014; Accepted February 26, 2014; Published February 28, 2014
Citation: Liang MTC, Lin SJH (2014) Aerobic Exercise Prescription for Older Population: A Short Review. J Nov Physiother 4:201 doi:10.4172/2165-7025.1000201
Copyright: © 2014 Liang MTC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Aerobic exercise can lower the susceptibility to certain preventable chronic diseases, decrease mortality and improve health in the older adults. The health benefits of aerobic exercise include prevention of cardiovascular and coronary heart diseases; lowering blood pressure and blood lipids; lowering the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, back pain, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, falls and, to some extent, sarcopenia; and improving quality of life and independent living in older adults. Aerobic training should be continued in order to be beneficial. If it is professionally prescribed by a physiotherapist or clinical exercise specialist using the most current research evidence, aerobic exercise can be enjoyable and safe. Professional and medical supervision during aerobic training may be needed for the older population and those who are at a higher risk for cardiovascular disease, stroke, hypertension or who have diabetes mellitus, obesity, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis. More research is still needed to identify the physiological and cellular mechanisms that show exercise can slow the aging process. This review article presents aerobic exercise-induced cardiovascular benefits and optimal exercise prescription for promoting cardiovascular-pulmonary-muscular health and preventing age-related diseases and mortality

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