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Assessment of Noise Exposure to Children: Considerations for the National Childrenand#8217;s Study | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2376-127X

Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
Open Access

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Review Article

Assessment of Noise Exposure to Children: Considerations for the National Children’s Study

Susan Marie Viet1*, Michael Dellarco2, Dorr G. Dearborn3 and Richard Neitzel4
1Environmental Health Scientist, Westat, Rockville, USA
2Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
3Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
4Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Risk Science Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Corresponding Author : Susan Marie Viet
Environmental Health Scientist
Westat, 1600 Research Blvd, WB252
Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Tel: 301-610-5514
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 14, 2014; Accepted August 14, 2014; Published August 20, 2014
Citation: Viet SM, Dellarco M, Dearborn DG, Neitzel R (2014) Assessment of Noise Exposure to Children: Considerations for the National Children’s Study. J Preg Child Health 1:105. doi: 10.4172/2376-127X.1000105
Copyright: © 2014 Viet SM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Evidence has been accruing to indicate that young children are vulnerable to noise in their physical environment. A literature review identified that, in addition to hearing loss, noise exposure is associated with negative birth outcomes, reduced cognitive function, inability to concentrate, increased psychosocial activation, nervousness, feeling of helplessness, and increased blood pressure in children. While increasing attention has been given to the health effects of noise in children, research about noise exposure is sparse and often the measure of exposure is simply proximity to a noise source. The U.S. National Children’s Study (NCS) provides a unique opportunity to investigate noise exposures to pregnant women and children using a number of assessment modalities at different life stages. Measurement of noise levels in homes and other environments, personal dosimetry measurements made over a period of days, and questionnaires addressing sources of noise in the environment, annoyance to noise, perceived noise level, use of head phones and ear buds, noisy activity exposures, and occupational exposures, are planned for evaluation within the NCS Vanguard pilot study. We describe the NCS planned approach to addressing noise exposure assessment in study visits over a child’s lifetime.

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