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Awareness of Vitamin D and its Deficiency in Jeddah Population, Saudi Arabia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2471-9846

Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing
Open Access

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Research Article

Awareness of Vitamin D and its Deficiency in Jeddah Population, Saudi Arabia

Abdulmoein Eid Al-Agha*, Shahad Hamdan Alorabi, Sundus Mohammed Wali Noor Saeed, Nora Muhammad Shalabi

Department of Pediatrics, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding Author:
Abdulmoein Eid Al-Agha
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics King
Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
[email protected]

Received date: Mar 21, 2016; Accepted date: May 05, 2016; Published date: May 12, 2016

Citation: Al-Agha AE, Alorabi SH, NoorSaeed SM, Shalabi NM (2016) Awareness of Vitamin D and its Deficiency in Jeddah Population, Saudi Arabia. J Comm Pub Health Nurs 2:120. doi:10.4172/2471-9846.1000120

Copyright: © 2016 Al-Agha AE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency considered to be the most common nutritional deficiency and one of the most common undiagnosed medical conditions in the world. It appears to be a widespread global problem prevalent in all age groups, with a reported prevalence of 30-80% in children and adults This significant decreased in vitamin D level worldwide in different age group shows lack of awareness about vitamin D importance and its resources.

The aim of our study: To assess awareness, perception and understanding of vitamin D deficiency among families living in Jeddah/Saudi Arabia. Determining the resources of information about vitamin D deficiency in our society.

Methods: A cross sectional retrospective study was conducted in ambulatory and pediatric clinic at KAUH and many malls in Jeddah - Saudi Arabia. Data were obtained from a questioner designed to collect information about vitamin D. The study population was formed of 1752 parents of children aged from 2 to 18, and dividing them to 746 highly educated, 491 low educated.

Results: It was found that the highly educated parents got the right answers in most of the questions, However both high and low education parents had the media as their source of information. However that the majority have heard about vitamin D, 82.9% fail to identify the best time for sun exposure and 65.5% recognize inability to go outside due to work or weather issues as common cause of vitamin D deficiency.

Recommendations: *Improving health education to exposing to sunlight and consume vitamin D medication may be an effective step toward preventing vitamin D inadequacy. Powered by Editorial Manager® and ProduXion Manager® from Aries Systems Corporation.
*Doctors should emphasize on the importance of vitamin D and the consequences of its deficiency.
*Teachers should emphasize on vitamin D importance.
*Further efforts from media to increase vitamin D awareness among population.