Characteristics of the Skeletal System of Bound Foot: A Case Study | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 1662-100X

Journal of Biomimetics Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
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Research Article

Characteristics of the Skeletal System of Bound Foot: A Case Study

Zhang Y1, Li FL1, Shen WW1, Li JS1, Ren XJ2 and Gu YD1*

1Faculty of Sport Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China

2School of Engineering, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK

Corresponding Author:
Faculty of Sport Science
Ningbo University
Ningbo 315211, China
Tel: 0086-574-87609369
Fax: 0086-574-87600456
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 04, 2013; Accepted date: December 20, 2013; Published date: January 13, 2014

Citation: Zhang Y, Li FL, Shen WW, Li JS, Ren XJ, et al. (2014) Characteristics of the Skeletal System of Bound Foot: A Case Study. J Biomim Biomater Tissue Eng 19:120. doi:10.4172/1662-100X.1000120

Copyright: © 2014 Zhang Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author andsource are credited.


The purpose of this study was to establish the character of skeletal system of bound foot with binding deformity. Medical images were taken with a slice distance of 1mm from CT equipment. 3D models of bound foot were developed using density segmentation techniques through Mimics software. The talocalcaneal angle, calcaneal-first metatarsal angle, talo-first metatarsal angle, hallux valgus angle, I-II inter-metatarsal angle, I-V inter-metatarsal angle, first cuneiform-metatarsal angle, the horizontal metatarsal angle and the length of five metatarsals were evaluated on the lateral and antero posterior view. The results showed that bound foot have great deformation on the second to fifth toe, forming the abnormal higher foot longitudinal arch. The potential formation process of foot deformity associated with the binding process and its influence on the daily life of the foot binding subjects is discussed.