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Characterization and Rheological Studies of Chrysophyllum albidium and Heliotropium indicum Ethanolic Extracts

Malomo OE1*, Yaro SA2, Yawas DS1, Dabai M3 and Ameh G4
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
2Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
3Department of Physics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
4Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Malomo OE, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, Tel: +2348033691436, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Apr 28, 2016 / Accepted Date: May 27, 2016 / Published Date: Jun 02, 2016

Citation: Malomo OE, Yaro SA, Yawas DS, Dabai M, Ameh G (2016) Characterization and Rheological Studies of Chrysophyllum albidium and Heliotropium indicum Ethanolic Extracts. Innov Ener Res 5: 136.

Copyright: © 2016  . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

The present work evaluates the amenability of Chrysophyllum albidium (CA) and Heliotropium indicum (HI) leaves extracts for bioprocess application. The plant extracts were initially characterized to determined their phytochemical constituents; alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins and tannins were found to be present. Proximate analysis and physico-chemical parameters such as pH, density, viscosity and solubility were evaluated and discussed. Degree of solubility of extracts increase with increased in temperature from 30°C-60°C which indicates the water absorption characteristic of plant extracts while organic solvent (ethanol and acetone) gives higher values of solubility as compared to distilled water. The rheological and biodegradability of extracts were studied, CA showed a shear-thickening behaviour while HI gives a shear-thinning behaviour, rapid biodegradation occurs in the formulated plant extracts during OECD marine BOD tests. FTIR analyses were used to characterize the bio-active compounds present in the leaves extracts.

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