alexa Childhood Activities and Schistosomiasis Infection in the Kassena-Nankana District of Northern Ghana | OMICS International
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Research Article

Childhood Activities and Schistosomiasis Infection in the Kassena-Nankana District of Northern Ghana

Francis Anto1*, Victor Asoala2, Martin Adjuik2, Thomas Anyorigiya2, Abraham Oduro2, James Akazili2, Patricia Akweongo1,
Langbong Bimi3 and Abraham Hodgson4
1 School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
2 Navrongo Health Research Centre, Navrongo, Upper East Region, Ghana
3 Department of Animal Biology and Conservation Science, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana
4 Research and Development Division, Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana
Corresponding Author : Francis Anto
School of Public Health
University of Ghana, Legon
Accra, Ghana
Tel: +233-0244577063
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 13, 2014; Accepted June 25, 2014; Published July 05, 2014
Citation: Anto F, Asoala V, Adjuik M, Anyorigiya T, Oduro A, et al. (2014) Childhood Activities and Schistosomiasis Infection in the Kassena-Nankana District of Northern Ghana. J Infect Dis Ther 2:152. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000152
Copyright: © 2014 Anto F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Schistosomiasis is a common cause of morbidity especially among rural children in less developed countries. The extent and distribution of schistosomiasis infection among school-age children was assessed and the association between some childhood activities and prevalence of infection was determined in northern Ghana. A cross-sectional study was conducted during which stool and urine samples were collected from children 6-15 years. Samples were analysed using the Kato-Katz technique and the 10 ml urine filtration methods respectively. Data on water contact activities were also collected. The level of infection was compared in relation to location and water contact activities. A total of 1,764 children participated in the study. Prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium infection was 18.9%. The highest level of infection (33.1%) was found among children resident in the southern part of the district, the lowest among those in the eastern (3.6%) and northern (3.8%) parts. S. mansoni infection was 10.9%. The highest level of S. mansoni infection (54.2%) was found among children resident in the central part of the district. The overall prevalence of infection (S. haematobium+S. mansoni) was moderate (27.1%). More males (32.5%) than females (20.2%) were infected (χ2=32.8, P<0.0001). Children aged 9-12 years had the highest prevalence of infection (31.8%; 95% CI: 28.4- 35.5) with the lowest among those aged 6-8 years (23.9%; 95% CI: 20.2-28.0). Swimming in the canals (χ2=404.4, P<0.0001) and working on tomato farms (χ2=37.7, P<0.0001) were risk factors for infection. Herding cattle appeared to have protected the children from infection (χ2=34.8, P=0.0001). Schistosomiasis is prevalent throughout the district with children resident in the central and southern parts of the district being more at risk of infection. There is the need to put in place an integrated and effective schistosomiasis control programme.

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