alexa Chronic Low Back Pain - The Exercise Prescription
ISSN: 2165-7025

Journal of Novel Physiotherapies
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Chronic Low Back Pain - The Exercise Prescription

Ahimsa Porter Sumchai*
NSCA-CPT Sports Medicine and Alternative Therapies San Francisco, California, USA
Corresponding Author : Ahimsa Porter Sumchai
MD, NSCA-CPT Sports
Medicine and Alternative
Therapies 236 West Portal Avenue
#563, San Francisco, California
94127, USA
Tel: (415) 859-5471
Fax: (415) 987-8310
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Novemberd 3, 2014; Accepted December 29, 2014; Published Januvary 3, 2015
Citation: Sumchai AP (2015) Chronic Low Back Pain - The Exercise Prescription. J Nov Physiother 5:239. doi: 10.4172/2165-7025.1000239
Copyright: © 2015 Sumchai AP. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Chronic low back pain is a potentially disabling comorbidity of the obesity epidemic. Defined as pain in the lumbar region lasting more than three months, it can occur secondary to acute occupational, recreational or sports injury or as the result of cumulative trauma from occupational repetitive strain. CLBP may be aggravated by occupational demands that promote poor posture and load the lumbar intervertebral discs - from heavy labor to extended sitting and standing. The accumulation of adipose tissue in the central abdominal region further loads the lumbosacral spine contributing to malalignments and chronic pain. Exercise has been proven to be a safe and effective first line intervention in the treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of CLBP. Exercise can promote fat burning. Evidence based research using performance outcome measures, electromyography and ultrasound imaging is reviewed. A deficit in strength of core musculature has been proposed as contributing to CLBP. Core strengthening and hypertrophy of key muscle groups can be achieved using an array of modalities including isometric exercise, stability balls and the Pilates method.

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