Reach Us +44 3308186230


Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
CMEIAS Quadrat Maker: A Digital Software Tool to Optimize Grid Dimensions and Produce Quadrat Images for Landscape Ecology Spatial Analysis | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7625

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

CMEIAS Quadrat Maker: A Digital Software Tool to Optimize Grid Dimensions and Produce Quadrat Images for Landscape Ecology Spatial Analysis

Frank B. Dazzo* and Colin Gross

Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Frank B Dazzo
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
Michigan State University, East Lansing
Michigan 48824 USA
Tel: 517-884-5394
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 15, 2013; Accepted date: September 10, 2013; Published date: September 12, 2013

Citation: Dazzo FB, Gross C (2013) CMEIAS Quadrat Maker: A Digital Software Tool to Optimize Grid Dimensions and Produce Quadrat Images for Landscape Ecology Spatial Analysis. J Ecosys Ecograph 3:136. doi:10.4172/2157-7625.1000136

Copyright: © 2013 Dazzo FB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and and source are credited.


This paper describes CMEIAS Quadrat Maker, a new digital computing tool designed to alleviate the nontrivial problem of optimizing the grid-lattice dimensions and automating the production of size-optimized quadrat images for plot-based spatial pattern analysis in landscape ecology. The program is written for 32-bit and 64-bit Window’s operating systems and handles both 8-bit grayscale and 24-bit color input images. Following a brief user interaction, the software application transforms a copy of the input landscape image into an annotated, color index image with optimized grid overlay and column-row labeling of individual quadrats, cuts a copy of the landscape image into quadrats defined by the optimized grid raster, and then saves each individual quadrat image with a file name indicating its unique location within the landscape domain, now ready for stack building and automated image analysis. Version 1.0 of this computing technology is implemented into a software package containing the executable file, user manual and tutorial images that will be freely available at This new computing technology will facilitate quadrat-based analyses of how spatial patterns vary with the scale at which they are measured, and will also strengthen microscopy-based approaches for understanding the spatial ecology of microbial biofilm communities.


Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 50

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography received 50 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography peer review process verified at publons
Indexed In
  • CAS Source Index (CASSI)
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Online Access to Research in the Environment (OARE)
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • Electronic Journals Library
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • SWB online catalog
  • Virtual Library of Biology (vifabio)
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
Share This Page