Contributing Factors to Obesity in African American Children within the United StatesDaphne Kaye Sharpe1*, Janice Collins-McNeil1, Jerrell Wayne Jones1, Jordan Faith Sharpe2 and Jasmine Kayla Hall1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Daphne Kaye Sharpe
Assistant Professor of Nursing, Department of Nursing
Winston-Salem State University, Winston Salem
North Carolina 27106, United States
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: September 17, 2016; Accepted date: November 23, 2016; Published date: November 29, 2016
Citation: Sharpe DK, Collins-McNeil J, Jones JW, Sharpe JF, Hall JK (2016) Contributing Factors to Obesity in African American Children within the United States. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 6:277. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000277
Copyright: © 2016 Sharpe DK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
From 2007 to 2011 obesity has shown an increased prevalence among children within the United States. According to a report by Bell et al., childhood obesity affects approximately 12.5 million children aged 3 years to 12 years of age. Since the 1980s childhood obesity within the United States has tripled with the rate starting at 5% of African- American children (AA) and now it is 15%. According to the latest statistics from the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health Report, the percentage of obese African American children between the ages of 6 to 17 years old between 2007-2008 was 22.4%. The health impact on African Americans regarding childhood obesity has sparked increasing concerns about the future health and wellbeing of this population. Causes of African-American childhood obesity are complex and vary considerably in nature. Childhood obesity has attracted the attention of many researchers who have investigated the relationship between childhood obesity and a variety of related factors Davis et al. A review of literature on the causes and driving force behind African American childhood obesity will provide a strong foundation in which researchers may utilize in the development of population specific interventions.