Craniofacial Structures in Short-statured Patients in Shiraz, Iran, 2009
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mohammad Hosein Kalantar Motamedi
Professor, Trauma Research Center
Baqiyatallah University, Iran
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date March 17, 2016; Accepted date May 02, 2016; Published date May 09, 2016
Citation: Karamifar AA, Danaie SM, Motamedi MHK, Nazari MS, Davari M (2016) Craniofacial Structures in Short-statured Patients in Shiraz, Iran, 2009. J Oral Hyg Health 4:204. doi: 10.4172/2332-0702.1000204
Copyright: © 2016 Karamifar AA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: The aim of this research was to study the craniofacial structures in Short-Statured patients in Shiraz, 2009.
Materials and Methods: The method of this study is descriptive. The case group consists of 178 (90 girls - 88 boys) Short-Statured patients who referred to Endocrinology Department of Shiraz Namazi Hospital and a private office to consult about short-stature and growth problems. Considering the skeletal age, they had been categorized as two solid groups, familial short statured (76 total: 38 girls, 38 boys), and un-familial short-statured consisting of other causes of short-stature (102 total: 52 girls, 50 boys). For craniofacial structural evaluation, 50 Short-statured patients (25 boys and 25 girls) were compared to two normal groups divided according to their malocclusion. 147 patients (74 girls, 73 boys) with normal growth but class II malocclusion as group 1, and group 2 of 184 patients (90 girls, 94 boys) with normal growth but class II malocclusion.
Results: Evaluation of craniofacial indexes of short-statured patients indicated that the male short-statured patients have significantly shorter cranial base length and more convex profile (P<0.05) in compare with the group of normal growth and class 1 malocclusion. Comparing to normal class I, the female short-statured patients have significantly shorter cranial base length and have more convex profile and more vertical growth pattern (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Evaluation of craniofacial indexes showed that short-statured patients have more convex profile and more vertical growth.