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ISSN: 2157-7625

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
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Research Article

Diversity, Uses and In vitro Propagation of Different Bamboos of Sonitpur District, Assam

Pratibha Sharma1*, Saikia P2and Sarma KP1

1Department of Environmental Sciences, Tezpur University, Napaam-781028, Tezpur, Assam, India

2Centre for Environmental Sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Brambe-835205, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Corresponding Author:
Pratibha Sharma
Department of Environmental Sciences
Tezpur University, Napaam-781028
Tezpur, Assam, India
Tel: +91- 9864159888
E-mail: [email protected]

Received October 16, 2015; Accepted April 23, 2016; Published April 30, 2016

Citation: Sharma P, Saikia P, Sarma KP (2016) Diversity, Uses and In vitro Propagation of Different Bamboos of Sonitpur District, Assam. J Ecosys Ecograph 6:184. doi:10.4172/2157-7625.1000184

Copyright: © 2016 Sharma P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Bamboos are the tallest and largest member of the grass family and widely distributed in India and abundantly occur in northeast region. A few species are also found scattered in other parts of the country both in the hills and the plains. Bamboos play an important role in the day to day lives of common people of Assam and become an integral part of the cultural, social and economic traditions of the State. Besides, it is an essential component of forest ecosystem and commonly found in the traditional home gardens of Assam. Study was carried out in 62 randomly selected home gardens of Sonitpur district of Assam. The maintenance of bamboo diversity in home gardens fulfills the household necessity and also contributes to the rural economy. The commonly found bamboos are B. tulda, B. balcooa, B. pallida, B. nutans, B. bambos, Dendrocalamus strictus, D. hamiltonii, Melocanna baccifera etc. Home garden based bamboos have also great demand as a construction materials, fencing, fodder and also as a source of fiber for paper industry. Tissue culture technique is also applied in three selected Bamboos for large scale production of plantation stocks for commercial cultivation. Rural employment can be generated by proper cultivation and management of bamboos in traditional home gardens thereby helps in conservation of bamboo diversity without much care and effort.

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