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ISSN: 2165-7025

Journal of Novel Physiotherapies
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Review Article

Effect of Time-of-Day on Muscle Fatigue: A Review

Hamdi Chtourou1,2*, Omar Hammouda1,3, Asma Aloui1and Nizar Souissi1,3
1Research Laboratory “Sport Performance Optimization” National Center of Medicine and Sciences in Sport (CNMSS), Tunis, Tunisia
2Research Unit (EM2S), High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Sfax University, Sfax, Tunisia
3High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Ksar-Saïd, Manouba University, Manouba, Tunisia
Corresponding Author : Hamdi Chtourou
Research Laboratory Sport Performance Optimization
National Center of Medicine and Sciences in Sport (CNMSS), Tunis
Tel: + 216-22-87-20-95
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 06, 2013; Accepted June 10, 2013; Published June 12, 2013
Citation: Chtourou H, Hammouda O, Aloui A, Souissi N (2013) Effect of Time-of- Day on Muscle Fatigue: A Review . J Nov Physiother 3:160. doi:10.4172/2165-7025.1000160
Copyright: © 2013 Chtourou H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

To date, although the effect of time-of-day on short-term maximal performance has been well established with early morning nadirs and peak values in the late afternoon, data concerning the diurnal variations in muscle fatigue appear to be equivocal. Most studies reported higher muscle fatigue (represented by a decrease in muscle power or strength during short-term maximal exercises) in the evening compared with the morning. Moreover, the underlying mechanisms of the diurnal variation in muscle fatigue are not well known. In this context, some biomarkers of cellular damage were higher in the evening compared with the morning, while markers of antioxidant status were higher in the morning. This article focuses on the diurnal variations in short-term maximal performance and some biochemical parameters. Moreover, we aimed to review the effect of time-of-day on muscle fatigue.

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