In Vitro Comparison of Three Desensitizing Prophylaxis Pastes: A Morphological AnalysisAnna Maria Genovesi1, Simone Marconcini1,2*, Marco Lelli3, Enrica Giammarinaro1, Antonio Barone1,2 and Ugo Covani1,2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Simone Marconcini
Versilia General Hospital
Lido di Camaiore, Lucca, Italy
Tel: + 39 0584 9853
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: August 08, 2015; Accepted Date: September 07, 2015; Published Date: September 12, 2015
Citation: Genovesi AM, Marconcini S, Lelli M, Giammarinaro E, Barone A, et al. (2015) In Vitro Comparison of Three Desensitizing Prophylaxis Pastes: A Morphological Analysis. J Oral Hyg Health 3:186. doi: 10.4172/2332-0702.1000186
Copyright: © 2015 Genovesi AM,et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background and Objective: Dentine hypersensitivity (DH) characterizes for short sharp pain arising from exposed dentine. Nowadays, there is a vast choice of products to overcome it. The aim of the present observational study was to compare the efficacy of three prophylaxis pastes in occluding dentinal tubules from in an in vitro setting.
Methods: Longitudinal mesio-distal sections were obtained from a sample of ten extracted teeth. Morphological analysis with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) assessed the penetration of three different prophylaxis pastes in dentinal tubules: Nupro by GSK, Stomyprox by Biorepair, Colgate Pro-Sollievo. The use of the Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDX probe) allowed assessing the exact composition of each product.
Results: The SEM analysis revealed that only Stomyprox by Biorepair could penetrate the dentinal tubule due to its low crystallinity. Its small sized particles (˜1.60 μ) fit better the tubules lumen if compared to the other two pastes with higher sized granules. The small sample size and the lacking of a quantitative evaluation of tubules filling limit this result.
Conclusion: The occlusion of dentinal tubules is one of the possible ways to reduce dentine hypersensitivity in a professional setting. Small sized particles fit better the lumen of tubules. In conclusion, there is a biological rationale in preferring prophylaxis pastes characterized by a low crystallinity. It is worthy to investigate furthermore, and in a clinical setting, the efficacy of the prophylaxis paste made by small sized particles of Hydroxyapatite.