Evaluation of Dentofacial Changes and Teporomadibular Joint Status of Mentally Challenged Individuals Attending Special Schools in Vadodara District, Gujarat,India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Sachin Chaware
Mango 602, Dream City
Takli Road, Nasik Road
Nasik, Maharashtra, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 22, 2014; Accepted Date: September 23, 2014; Published Date: September 26, 2014
Citation: Chaware S, Thakare V, Krishnan A (2014) Evaluation of Dentofacial Changes and Teporomadibular Joint Status of Mentally Challenged Individuals Attending Special Schools in Vadodara District, Gujarat, India. J Oral Hyg Health 2:164. doi:10.4172/2332-0702.1000164
Copyright: © 2014 Chaware S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: A cross sectional study was conducted to investigate the Dentofacial changes and TMJ status and of mentally challenged individuals attending special schools in Vadodara District, Gujarat India.
Materials & Methods: A total of 277 individuals were surveyed of which 205 were males and 72 were females.The data was collected by using the WHO 1997 methodology.
Results: Clicking was the only positive finding observed for TMJ and it was seen in 11.02% of the study subjects. Tenderness and reduced jaw mobility was not seen among any of the study subjects. Crowding and spacing of anterior teeth was seen in 47.95% and 33.91% of the study subjects respectively. Anterior open bite was seen in 8.18% of the study subjects Molar discrepancy of half a cusp mesial or distal to normal was seen in 25.73% of the study subjects and 24.56% of the study subjects had molar discrepancy of one cusp or more mesial or distal to that of normal. Definite malocclusion was seen in 19.29%, severe malocclusion in 24 (14.03%) study subjects and 33 (19.29%) subjects had very severe malocclusion.
Conclusions: Dentofacial changes and TMJ status of Mentally Challanged Individuals attending special school in Vadodara District, Gujarat, India is poor with a greater deficit between the needs and services availability.