Evaluation of Epidemiological Trends and Severity of Traumatic Brain Injury Using Multi-Detector Computed Tomography Scanner in Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences HospitalArfat M1, Zahiruddin MD1, Yadav YC2*, Brig T3, Prabhakar VSM3 and Gupta AK1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Yadav YC
Department of Pharmacology, Pharmacy College Saifai
Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences
Saifai, Etawah, UP-206130, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 28, 2017; Accepted date: February 23, 2017; Published date: February 28, 2017
Citation: Arfat M, Zahiruddin MD, Yadav YC, Brig T, Prabhakar VSM, et al. (2017) Evaluation of Epidemiological Trends and Severity of Traumatic Brain Injury Using Multi-Detector Computed Tomography Scanner in Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences Hospital. OMICS J Radiol 6:254. doi: 10.4172/2167-7964.1000254
Copyright: © 2017 Arfat M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: MDCT is very well diagnosed and detecting haemorrhages, skull fracture with the help of new technique like 3D, Volume Rendering Technique (VRT), Multi-planar Reconstruction (MPR) and Maximum Intensity Projection. To evaluate of the epidemiological trends and severity of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) using multi-detector computed tomography scanner.
Methods: The Present study was conducted with 61 patients, age between 2 year to 70 year mean age (36 Years) presenting to emergency department of Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Saifai, Etawah, with a history of acute head trauma from Dec 2015 to May 2016. All patients were examined using 64 MDCT.
Results: Traumatic brain injury caused by various reasons like 65.57% Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) and 19.67% Fall From Height (FFH) being and 14.75% hit by hard object. Loss of consciousness was the most common complaint of the 60.65% TBI patients followed by 6.56% Vomiting and headache, 21.31% facial injury and 1.47% scalp wounds. All TBI patients were diagnosed by MDCT who was observed 37.7% skull fractures, 9.83%, extra dural hematoma, 14.75% Sub Dural hematoma, 13.11% Sub archnoid haemorrhage, 6.55% Intra cerebral hematoma, 27.86% brain contusions and 9.83% diffuse cerebral edema.
Conclusion: MDCT is well characterized to various type severities of the brain injury TBI patients. The present study data is indicated 65.57% majority of TBI patients is suffered by Road traffic accidents involving young adult males predominant.