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Facilitators and Barriers to Exclusive Breastfeeding in Thailand: A Narrative Review | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2471-9846

Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing
Open Access

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Review Article

Facilitators and Barriers to Exclusive Breastfeeding in Thailand: A Narrative Review

Thiwawan Thepha1*, Debbie Marais2, Jacqueline Bell3 and Somjit Muangpin1

1Department of Midwifery, Khon Kaen University, Thailand

2Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, UK

3College of Life Sciences and Medicine, Polwarth Building, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK

*Corresponding Author:
Thiwawan Thepha
RN, MNS, Lecturer, Department of Midwifery
Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Tel: +66 43 202 407
Fax: + 66 43 348 301
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: February 09, 2017; Accepted date: February 22, 2017; Published date: February 28, 2017

Citation: Thepha T, Marais D, Bell J, Muangpin S (2017) Facilitators and Barriers to Exclusive Breastfeeding in Thailand: A Narrative Review. J Comm Pub Health Nurs 3:160. doi:10.4172/2471-9846.1000160

Copyright: © 2017 Thepha T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


The six months exclusive breastfeeding rate in Thailand has decreased from 15.1 % in 2009 to 12.3 % in 2013. This narrative review aimed to identify facilitators and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding in Thailand. Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Google Scholar and the Thai Journal Online were searched using the terms exclusive breastfeeding and Thailand between 2001 to the end of September 2016. Inclusion criteria were that articles focused on facilitators and barriers of exclusive breastfeeding, specifically relating to Thailand. Narrative data extraction was conducted and data were analyzed thematically. Five themes were identified: mother factor, family support, situation and social context, infant factor, and healthcare (professionals and service). The themes described for Thailand in this study concur with international findings. Identifying specific practical interventions based on these themes, and in support of exclusive breastfeeding in Thailand, is now a priority.