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Factors Associated With Anemia in Pregnant Women in 2014 in Parakou | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2376-127X

Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
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Research Article

Factors Associated With Anemia in Pregnant Women in 2014 in Parakou

Salifou K1, Obossou AAA1*, Sidi IR1, Hounkpatin Bib2, Hounkponou Anf1, Vodouhe M1, Batchaneng NU1 and M Perrin RX2
1Mother & Child Department, Faculty of Medicine; University of Parakou, Republic of Benin
2Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Republic of Benin
Corresponding Author : Awadé Afoukou Achille Obossou
Obstetrician- Gynecologist, Assistant Professor
Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou
Republic of Benin
Tel: 229-95 85 32 79/97 06 78 52
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 16, 2015; Accepted June 29, 2015; Published July 04, 2015
Citation: Salifou K, Obossou AAA, Sidi IR, Bib H, Anf H, et al. (2015) Factors Associated With Anemia in Pregnant Women in 2014 in Parakou. J Preg Child Health 2: 174. doi: 10.4172/2376-127X.1000174
Copyright: © 2015 Salifou K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: Determine the prevalence and factors associated with anemia among pregnant women in Parakou in 2014.
Method: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study with analytical purpose. It had been conducted from July 1 to September 30, 2014. The included targets were pregnant women attending antenatal care in three public maternities of the District of Parakou.
Results: A total of 352 women were included in our study. The mean age was 5.9 ± 25.7years. The most represented age group was the one between 20 and 24 years (29.5). The Bariba ethnic group was the most represented (30.7%). The largest religion was Christianity (49.1%). They were married in 96.3% of the cases and not educated in 54.0% of cases. More than 79.5% of them were unemployed or poorly paid. One hundred and forty two female patients (40.3%) were anemic, including 56.3% (95% CI = [47.8 to 64.6] %) and 43.7% (95% CI = [35.4 to 52.2] %) suffering from moderate and mild anemia respectively. No severe anemia was recorded. Hb level was between 7.3 and 16.0g / dl with a mean concentration of 11.6 g / dl and 1.7 ± Hct level between 22 and 48% with an average estimated at 34.4% ± 5.1). 2. Risk factors related to socio-demographic characteristics were Fulani ethnic group, grand multiparity, low educational level and socioeconomic conditions. During pregnancy, the use of mosquito net (p <0.001) reduced anemia prevalence in pregnant women while consumption of Calabar limestone (<0.001) contributed to it. Women were more exposed to anemia in the third quarter of pregnancy (<0.001) than in the first and second quarters. There was a significant association between occurrence of anemia and lack of consumption of fruits and vegetables at least once a day (²χ = 12.3 and p <0.001).

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