Factors Associated with Gingival Bleeding in Puerperal Women at the Public Maternities in Salvador- BA, 2011Graziele Beanes da Silva Santos1, Laíra Sá Lopes2, Maria Isabel Pereira Vianna2, Maria Cristina Cangussu2*, Maria Beatriz Barreto Cabral2 and Maria Lizzia Moura Ferreira1
1School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil
2Department of Social and Pediatric Dentistry, Salvador, BA, Brazil
- *Corresponding Author:
- Maria Cristina Cangussu
Faculdade de Odontologia (FO/UFBA)
Departamento Odontologia Social e Pediátrica
Rua Araújo Pinho, n 62, 6º Andar
Canela, CEP: 40110-150
Tel: +55 (71) 32838994
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 15, 2016; Accepted Date: February 29, 2016; Published Date: March 07, 2016
Citation:Silva Santos GBD, Lopes LS, Vianna MIP, Cangussu MC, Cabral MBB, et al. (2016) Factors Associated with Gingival Bleeding in Puerperal Women at the Public Maternities in Salvador- BA, 2011. J Oral Hyg Health 4:193. doi:10.4172/2332-0702.1000193
Copyright: © 2016 Silva Santos GBD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with gingivitis, measured by gingival bleeding on probing in postpartum women of the public hospitals in Salvador, Bahia, in 2011. A structured questionnaire was applied to 309 women followed by a complete periodontal examination that allowed, among other procedures, the identification of the presence of plaque, gingival margin evaluation and presence of gingival bleeding on probing. A proportion of 33.8% of the sites examined showed bleeding on probing. Most showed more than 25% of the sites probed with visible plaque (72%) and 58.3% of the sample was diagnosed with gingivitis. There was a positive association between the visible plaque index and the diagnosis of gingivitis (PR = 1.62 95% CI 1.25 to 2.15), 38.5% had some type of change in self-care during pregnancy; however, only 29.7% reported having visited a dentist. The group with lower education had 23% more gingivitis compared to the group that studied more than eight years (PR = 1.23 95% CI 1.01 to 1.49). Noteworthy was the high prevalence of gingivitis in postpartum women, reinforcing the importance of motivation and maintenance of oral hygiene in preventing or reducing the severity of inflammatory changes mediated by hormonal changes during pregnancy.