Fungal Lipase Production by Solid State Fermentation-An Overview
- *Corresponding Author:
- Devarai Santhosh Kumar
Department of Chemical Engineering
Ordnance Factory Estate, Yeddumailaram
Indian Institute of Technology
Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Scientist, Room No:206
CSIR-National Institute of Science
Technology and Development Studies (CSIR-NISTADS)
Pusa Gate, K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi, India
Tel: +91 011 2584-6064/3227
Fax: +91 11 25846640;
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: October 27, 2014; Accepted Date:December 12, 2014; Published Date: December 17, 2014
Citation: Kumar DS, Ray S (2014) Fungal Lipase Production by Solid State Fermentation-An Overview. J Anal Bioanal Tech 5:230. doi: 10.4172/2155-9872.1000230
Copyright: © 2014 Kumar DS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Importance of enzymes is ever-growing specifically microbial lipases which are of great industrial significance because of their applications in detergent, food, pharmaceutical, chemical and leather industry. Solid state fermentation (SSF) is an economical alternative for large scale production of enzymes that are produced by fungi. Therefore, production of lipases by solid state fermentation is a good and preferred option than submerged fermentation (SmF). The important factors in fermentation are carbon concentration, nitrogen concentration, pH, growth temperature, fermentation time and moisture content. This review mainly focuses on production of fungal lipase by solid state fermentation using various fungal strains, substrates and fermentation conditions. Enzyme characteristics, industrial application and assay methods of lipase, biomass estimation, enzyme extraction methods and engineering aspects of fermentation are also dealt with briefly. The main aim of the review is to give an overview of advancements in solid state fermentation for production of fungal lipase hitherto.