alexa Gaze Direction Recognition Task for the Rehabilitation of Chronic Neck Pain
ISSN: 2165-7025

Journal of Novel Physiotherapies
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Research Article

Gaze Direction Recognition Task for the Rehabilitation of Chronic Neck Pain

Satoshi Nobusako1,2*, Atsushi Matsuo3, Shigekazu Shimizu2, Kenta Miki2and Shu Morioka3
1Research Institute for Health Sciences, Kio University, 4-2-2 Umami-naka, Koryo-cho, Kitakatsuragi-gun, 635-0832, Nara, Japan
2Department of Rehabilitation, Higashi Osaka Yamaji Hospital, 1-7-5 Inaba, Higashiosaka-city 578-0925, Osaka, Japan
3Department of NeuroRehabilitation, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kio University, 4-2-2 Umami-naka, Koryo-cho, Kitakatsuragi-gun, 635-0832, Nara, Japan
Corresponding Author : Satoshi Nobusako
Research Institute for Health Sciences
Kio University, 4-2-2 Umami-naka, Koryo-cho
Kitakatsuragi-gun, 635-0832, Nara, Japan
Tel: +81-745-54-1601
Fax: +81-745-54-1600
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 28, 2012; Accepted September 22, 2012; Published September 25, 2012
Citation: Nobusako S, Matsuo A, Shimizu S, Miki K, Morioka S (2012) Gaze Direction Recognition Task for the Rehabilitation of Chronic Neck Pain. J Nov Physiother S1:006. doi: 10.4172/2165-7025.S1-006
Copyright: © 2012 Nobusako S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


We developed a mental task with gaze direction recognition (GDR) by which subjects observed neck rotation of another individual from behind and attempted to recognize the direction of gaze. A randomized controlled trial was performed in test (n=9) and control (n=8) groups of subjects with chronic neck pain undergoing physical therapy either with or without the GDR task carried out over 12 sessions during a three-week period. Primary outcome measures were defined as the active range of motion and pain on rotation of the neck. Secondary outcome measures were reaction time (RT) and response accuracy in the GDR task group. ANOVA indicated a main effect for task session and group, and interaction of session (p<0.05). Post-hoc testing showed that the GDR task group exhibited a significant simple main effect upon session, and significant sequential improvement of neck motion and relief of neck pain (p<0.05). Rapid effectiveness was significant in both groups (p<0.01). The GDR task group had a significant session-to-session reduction of RTs in correct responses (p<0.05). Additionally, patients with chronic neck pain showed a significantly longer RT in GDR than healthy volunteers (p<0.01). In conclusion, the GDR task we developed provides a promising rehabilitation measure for chronic neck pain.


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