Global Warming Could Change the Spectrum of Viral Infections in Europe
|Sirwan Salman Sleman*|
|Department of Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq|
|Corresponding Author :||Sirwan Salman Sleman
Department of Microbiology
College of Veterinary Medicine
University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: September 26, 2015; Accepted: October 26, 2015; Published: October 31, 2015|
|Citation: Sleman SS (2015) Global Warming Could Change the Spectrum of Viral Infections in Europe. J Infect Dis Ther 3:248. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000248|
|Copyright: © 2015 Sleman SS. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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In the last decades, changes in the global temperature have become a major concern and have found to produced serious impacts on the prevalence of infectious diseases among animal and human populations and increasing health risk in the future.
This is described partly due to change in a geographic distribution of and creating new opportunities for invasive vector-borne pathogens such as mosquitoes, ticks, sand-flies, rodents and other animal and birds, to transmit the infections into new areas and new hosts. For example, outbreaks of Dengue fever, West Nile virus, Chikungunya virus and some other viruses worldwide, particularly in Europe. In addition, the warm climate may also alter the pattern of the diseases through decrease in the host resistance (immunity) to infectious disease and this may destroy the existing infrastructure of public health and increase health risks with the emergence of unexpected epidemics in the future.