Group Work Method in Therapeutic Communities for Drug Addicts | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6105

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
Open Access

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Review Article

Group Work Method in Therapeutic Communities for Drug Addicts

Yair Amram*

School of social work, Ashkelon Academic College and Hebrew, University of Jerusalem, Isreal

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Yair Amram
Senior lecturer, School of social work
Ashkelon Academic college and Hebrew
University of Jerusalem, Isreal
Tel: 00972-26418398
E-mail: [email protected]

Received April 03, 2013; Accepted April 29, 2013; Published May 13, 2013

Citation: Amram Y (2013) Group Work Method in Therapeutic Communities for Drug Addicts. J Addict Res Ther 4:147. doi:10.4172/2155-6105.1000147

Copyright: © 2013 Amram Y. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


The goal of Therapeutic Communities (TCs) for drug addicts is to help them change their life style. The therapy is often based on small-group settings. In Israel, there are two types of TCs that operate two types of small-group settings: “Confrontation Groups” (CGs), represented by the Syn-ilan therapeutic community; and “Therapeutic Groups” (TGs), represented by the Ther-mal therapeutic community. The paper presents the findings of a study that used the Group Climate Questionnaire [1] to compare the small group climate as perceived by members of CG and TG groups in Israel. Participants included 71 members of two therapeutic communities that operated the two types of small-group settings. The findings revealed significant differences between the two types of groups: More expression of anger, confrontation, and anxiety was found in the Syn-ilan (CG) group than in the Ther-mal (TG) group, which worked more on the “past and childhood”. Similarities were found with regard to the following parameters: Self-disclosure, self-understanding, involvement, and caring. The findings indicate that there are differences between the theoretical approaches guiding the two types of groups. Moreover, it can be concluded that the groups have the potential to effect positive change in the lives of the participants.