alexa Iatrogenic Injury to the Superior Vena Cava and Brachiocephalic Vein | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Case Report

Iatrogenic Injury to the Superior Vena Cava and Brachiocephalic Vein

Jiri Herman1*, Petr Bachleda1, Marie Cerna2, Vojtech Prasil2and Petr Santavy3
1IInd Department of Surgery, Palacky University, Cardiovascular Centre, Olomouc, Czech Republic
2Department of Radiology, Palacky University, Cardiovascular Centre, Olomouc, Czech Republic
3Department of Cardiosurgery, Palacky University, Cardiovascular Centre, Olomouc, Czech Republic
Corresponding Author : Doc MD Jiri Herman
PhD, IInd Department of Surgery
Cardiovascular Centre, Palacky University
I.P.Pavlova 6, 775 20, Olomouc, Czech Republic
Tel: +420 736 488 998
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 26, 2014; Accepted September 23, 2014; Published September 30, 2014
Citation: Herman J, Bachleda P, Cerna M, Prasil V, Santavy P (2014) Iatrogenic Injury to the Superior Vena Cava and Brachiocephalic Vein. J Infect Dis Ther 2:169. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000169
Copyright: © 2014 Jiri Herman, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

We report two serious complications related to cannulation and angioplasty of the central venous system. In patient 1, superior vena cava rupture occurred in an attempt to dilate a stenosis; in patient 2, perforation of the brachiocephalic vein occurred during the placement of a dialysis catheter. These rare complications are mostly fatal. Our two female patients were treated surgically and both survived despite major blood loss. Early detection of venous system perforation and immediate treatment are of crucial importance.

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